Toxic Plant List

29

The amount of poison in a plant tends to vary with the location, age of the plant, season and weather conditions. In some plants, the toxin is confined only to certain parts. The following plants may cause toxic symptoms when ingested or dermatitis when handled. In addition to toxic plants, be aware that plants treated with pesticides, insecticides or herbicides are toxic.

In addition to toxic plants, be aware that plants treated with pesticides, insecticides or herbicides are toxic

House Plants

  • Asparagus Fern (asparagus plumosus) (sprengeri)
  • Avocado (persea americana)
  • Blue Gum (eucalyptus globulus)
  • Buddist Pine (poddocarpus Macrophyllus)
  • Cacti :
    • Bunny Ears (opuntia microdasy’s alkispina)
    • Column (cereus peruvianus)
    • Rat’s Tail (aporocactus flagelliformis)
    • Sunset (lokwia famatimensis)
  • Caladium (Angel’s Wings)
  • Century Plant
  • Crown of Thorns (euphorbia milii splendens)
  • Cyclamen
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Holly (ilex)
  • Ivy :
    • Cape (tenecio macroglossus)
    • English (hedera helix)
    • German (senecio mikanioides)
    • Glacier (hedera helix glacier)
    • Gloire de Marengo (hedera canariensis)
    • Needlepoint (hedera helix sagittlae folica)
  • Jerusalem Cherry (solanum pseudocapsicum)
  • Mistletoe (phoradendron flavescens)
  • Philodendron :
    • Arrowhead (syngonium podophyllum)
    • Black Gold ( ph. melanochryson)
    • Devil’s Ivy (Pothos) (scindapsus aureus)
    • Elephant’s Ear (philodendron hastatum)
    • Fiddle Leaf (ph. pandurae forme)
    • Green Gold (syngonium podophyllum)
    • Marble Queen (scindapsus aureus)
    • Ornamental Pepper (capsicum annuum)
    • Silver Vine (scindapsus pictus)
    • Split Leaf (monstera delicosa)
    • Sweetheart Vine (philodendron scandens)
  • Red (hemigraphis colorata)
  • Umbrella Plant (cyperus)

In the Garden

  • Azalea (azalea indica)
  • Bleeding Heart (dicentra formosa)
  • Calla Lily (zantedeschia aethiopica)
  • Carnation (dianthus caryophyllus)
  • Castor-oil plant (ricinus communis)
  • Chinese or Japanese Lantern (physalis)
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Clematis
  • Crocus (colchicum autumnale)
  • Daffodil (narcissus)
  • Delphineum
  • Foxglove (digitalis purpurea)
  • Gladiola (bulb)
  • Hyacinthe (hyacinthus orientalis)
  • Iris
  • Jonquil (narcissus)
  • Lily of the Valley (convallaria)
  • Morning Glory (ipomaea tricolour)
  • Narcissus
  • Oleander (nerium oleander)
  • Pansy (seeds) (viola tricolour)
  • Peony (root) (paeonia officinalis)
  • Primrose (primula)
  • Sweet Pea (lathyrus odoratus)
  • Sweet William (dianthus barbatus)

Vegetables

  • Potato (green patches on tubers & above ground part)
  • Rhubarb leaves
  • Tomato greens

Hedges & Bushes

  • Black Locust (robinia pseudoacacia)
  • Buckthorn (rhamnus cathartica)
  • Cherry Laurel (laurocerasus officinalis)
  • Daphne (daphne mezereum)
  • Elderberry (not berries)
  • Horse Chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum)
  • Hydrangea
  • Laburnum (laburnum anagyroides)
  • Privet (ligustrum vulgare)
  • Virginia Creeper (ampelopis brevipedunculata)

Wild Mushrooms

All unidentified wild mushrooms should be considered toxic until identified by a mycologist.

Avoiding Plant Poisoning

  1. Become familiar with the dangerous plants in your area, yard and home. Know them by sight and by name.
  2. Do not eat wild plants and mushrooms.
  3. Keep plants, seeds, fruits and bulbs away from children.
  4. Teach children at an early age to keep unknown plants and plant parts out of their mouths. Make them aware of the potential danger of poisonous plants.
  5. Teach children to recognize poison ivy.
  6. Know the plants used as skewers for meat or marshmallows.
  7. Do not allow children to suck nectar from flowers or to make “tea” from leaves.
  8. Know the plant before eating its fruits or berries.
  9. Do not rely on pets, birds or squirrels to indicate non-poisonous plants.
  10. Avoid smoke from burning plants.
  11. Know that heating and cooking do not always destroy toxic substances.
  12. Label and store bulbs and seeds safely away from children and pets.
  13. Do not make homemade medicines from native or cultivated plants.
  14. There are no safe “tests” to distinguish edible from poisonous plants.
  15. Avoid using pesticides, herbicides and insecticides.

First Aid

  • Call the local poison control centre, hospital emergency or a physician.
  • [If you are a caregiver] call the child’s parents. If the child needs to go to the emergency department, take along a sample of what the child swallowed (such as the piece of the plant) if possible.

(Source: Well Beings, Canadian Paediatric Society, 1996, p.238)


Canadian Child Care Federation. Copyright © 2021 Canadian Child Care Federation. Some Rights Reserved. User Agreement – Privacy Policy 

similar posts

about us

We are a community of early childhood educators committed to achieving excellence in early learning and child care.

popular posts

Statement on Kamloops 215

Read the CCCF’s statement regarding the mass grave found on the site of the Kamloops Indian Residential School.

Click to access the login or register cheese Scroll to Top

share

Share on facebook
Share on email
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on print
Share on facebook
Share on email
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on print

Supporter membership rate $45 CAD. Join now!

Annual Membership rate $65 CAD.
Join now!

Annual Membership rate $65 CAD.
Join now!

Annual Membership rate $90 CAD.
Join now!

Annual Membership rate $0 CAD with the code from your local affiliate. Join now!

Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) are incredible professionals that have rewarding, important and demanding careers. They work with young children (and their families), ages 0-12, nurturing and educating them, observing and planning for their growth and development while ensuring that they are healthy. They create interactive and dynamic learning environments where children develop social skills, develop cognitive skills and foster lifelong learning. ECEs work in child care centres, classrooms, home child cares, preschool, and parent drop-in programs. You do not need a teaching degree to be an ECE, but you do need your ECE diploma.

If you’re just starting out:

  1. Get certified!
  2. Find the requirements for your province or territory
  3. Write your resume and begin your job search. We’ll provide tips on this soon. 
  4. Get your vulnerable sector check and first aid training

Join our Facebook Group and meet other ECEs who may be able to answer your questions

All licensed and regulated quality child care programs in Canada require these for the safety and security of children and families.

On our provincial and territorial map we link to child care associations in your area. Follow the link to your association and join today. The associations provide valuable information to anyone starting out in their career. Even experienced ECEs can benefit. You’ll also enjoy valuable member benefits like discounts, meet other ECEs, and become a part of the child care movement in Canada.


If you join your provincial or territorial affiliate, you’re automatically also a member of the CCCF.

With your resume and cover letter ready (we’ll provide guides for this soon), contact child care centres and introduce yourself! You can call, email, or even message them on social media. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t get a reply. Try again a few days later to give them your resume in person. Remember that due to safety reasons you need to call first. Tell them you live in their area, and that you’re looking for a position.

Anyone working in licensed child care has to apply for certification. You will find certification information for your province or territory on our child care certification page.